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Biopores Segmentation

Inhaltsbereich / Content

Variational-based Segmentation of Biopores in Tomographic Images

X-ray computed tomography (CT) combined with a quantitative analysis of the resulting volume images is a fruitful technique in soil science. However, the variations in X-ray attenuation due to different soil components keep the segmentation of single components within these highly heterogeneous samples a challenging problem. Particularly demanding are biopores due to their elongated shape and the low gray value difference to the surrounding soil structure.

Recently, variational models in connection with algorithms from convex optimization were successfully applied for image segmentation. In this paper we apply these methods for the first time for the segmentation of biopores in CT images of soil samples. We introduce a novel convex model which enforces smooth boundaries of biopores and takes the varying attenuation values in the depth into account.   Segmentation results are reported for different real-world 3D data sets as well as for simulated data. These results are compared with two gray  value thresholding methods, namely indicator kriging and a global thresholding procedure, and with a morphological approach. Pros and cons of the methods are assessed by considering geometric features of the segmented biopore systems. The variational approach features well-connected smooth pores while not detecting smaller or shallower pores. This is an advantage in cases where the main biopores network is of interest and where infillings, e.g., excrements of earthworms, would result in losing pore connections as observed for the other thresholding methods.

Publication

More information can be found in the following paper.

  • B. Bauer, X. Cai, S. Peth, K. Schladitz and G. Steidl (2015).
    Variational-based Segmentation of biopores in tomographic images.
    Preprint University Kaiserslautern.
    [BibTex]

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